What is Cloramin B? Uses and harms?

What is Cloramin B? Uses and harms?

Currently, the COVID-19 epidemic has affected many people's lives and made many people worried. In addition to the recommended precautions, some families have used Chloramin B disinfectant to treat the environment. However, if the drug is not used and stored carefully, it can lead to the risk of poisoning, especially for young children.

The following is essential information about Chloramine B so that everyone can better understand this chemical.

What is Chloramine B?

- Chloramin B is known as a chemical with the purpose of being used to disinfect surfaces and treat water. Characteristics of Chloramin B is a white powder, soluble in water at normal temperature, with the main ingredient being Sodium Benzensulfochleramin (with chemical formula C6H5SO2NClNa.3H2O), of which active chlorine accounts for about 25%. . This chemical is available in powder or tablet form. Chloramin B is the most commonly used bleach today.

Chloramin B has proven its effectiveness as one of the special chemicals recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health in Vietnam to disinfect hospitals and public places. such as school, kindergarten or right at home.

- Chloramin B has two products on the market, the most popular ones are Chloramin B 0.25mg Tablets and Chloramin B powder. Depending on the intended use, users choose different finished products.

Outstanding uses of Chloramine B

- Chloramine B is an organic compound that contains a positive chlorine ion in its composition (also known as active chlorine). Active chlorine has a disinfecting and disinfecting effect in water at an appropriate concentration because it has strong oxidizing properties, easily reacts with organic compounds to help kill bacteria.

- However, that only happens with active chlorine (positive chlorine), and the chlorine in daily salt is negative chlorine, so it has no bactericidal effect and it is recommended not to use table salt for sterilization. water.

- Chloramin B is used to disinfect areas such as corridors, WCs, lobby... In addition, it is also used to disinfect surfaces, especially household items that are susceptible to disease such as doorknobs, toys. children... Chloramin B is also used to mix hand sanitizer, remove yellow stains on floors or common objects.

- If used to disinfect at home, need to wipe dust on surfaces, items, floors... Then use chloramin B solution to wipe clean, then wipe the surfaces with clean water and dry. For children's toys, it should be soaked for 10-20 minutes, rinsed with clean water and dried.

*** Note when using Chloramin B to kill bacteria, it is recommended to use two separate buckets or pots containing a chemical solution and clean water to flush dirt. Wipes also include wipes with chemical solutions and wipes with clean water. If you find that the disinfectant solution or the rinse water is dirty, it should be replaced because the chemical solution will no longer be effective in disinfecting.

How to mix and use Cloramin B for disinfection in the family

Step 1: Determine where to spray

You need to clearly determine the location of the area to be sprayed to avoid affecting the surrounding areas. Clean up objects, food and drink, making sure not to be affected by disinfectants.

Step 2: Mix disinfectant solution with Chloramin B according to the appropriate concentration

In the prevention of epidemics, the recommended concentration of   Chloramine B is 0.5% - 1.25%. So, you mix 20g Chloramin B for 1L of water (20g/l) (0.5%). Or you can refer to Chloramine B Phase Concentration as the table below:


Chloramine B phase concentration - according to the Department of Health Education - Binh Tan District Medical Center

Step 3: Proceed to spray the prepared Chloramin B solution

You proceed to extract into a spray bottle/specialized spray device, bring full protective equipment. Adjust the spray nozzle and spray around the area to be disinfected.

Step 4: Handling after spraying Chloramine B

After spraying, you should let the disinfectant take effect for  20-30 minutes. Then open a window or exhaust fan to let the disinfectant fly away and you can resume your normal activities.

Is Chloramine B toxic?

- This is a chemical that is recommended to be used to disinfect, but should be used with caution because Chloramin B can be toxic when mixed with high concentrations above 2%. Chloramin B can be toxic to people in direct contact with chemicals such as: Skin damage, skin burning and discomfort; Eye damage to the cornea, even blindness; Respiratory damage causes smooth muscle spasm, difficulty breathing... When experiencing unwanted side effects, it is necessary to immediately go to a medical facility for timely intervention.

Specifically, it will affect the digestive, respiratory and skin systems such as: causing dermatitis, respiratory failure, gastrointestinal poisoning. When mixing Chloramin B, it is necessary to prepare rubber gloves and protective masks to avoid unfortunate incidents.

- In addition, you should note that when using Chloramin B in the household, it should be kept in a place out of reach of children because if children are naughty and swallow Chloramin B powder, there will be unnecessary consequences.

Disinfectant spray with Chloramine B

How to deal with Chloramin B poisoning at home?

- When sucking or swallowing chloramine B disinfectant tablets or powders as in the case of young children mentioned above, the child should immediately drink a warm, non-stimulating amount of water to try to induce vomiting and must be given to the child immediately. to the nearest medical facility for intervention.

- When inhaling the air containing the concentrated active chlorine chemical of chloramin B, the victim must be immediately removed from the contaminated air area and quickly transferred to the nearest medical facility for treatment.

- When chemicals are splashed into the eyes, wash eyes and face immediately with clean water many times, and also go to the nearest medical facility for examination.

- When chemical splashes on clothing or on skin, must immediately remove contaminated clothing, wash the skin area with clean warm water and soap.

- For young children, care should be taken when supervising so that children do not pick up unsafe toys and swallow dangerous foreign objects, including drugs or chemicals that are not carefully stored and kept out of reach. hand with child's hand. Note that disinfectants and drugs for external use should not be mixed with oral medications.

Use another surface cleaning product to replace Chloramin B?

If you are looking for a product that cleans surfaces quickly and is especially safe for your family's health, AVCO brings you a surface disinfection product that can solve all your worries in surface cleaning. You can absolutely choose our products to shorten the waiting time and still ensure the bactericidal properties.

=>> Surface disinfection cleaning Q-SURFACE is a multi-purpose surface cleaning product for stains on all surfaces. The product can be used for cleaning anywhere such as in restaurants, hotels, offices, supermarkets, schools and households. The product also has effective deodorizing properties and leaves a cool scent.

The product has been tested for bactericidality by IP HCM method V04-2017 at Pasteur Institute. The results show that in 10 minutes, Surface disinfection cleaning Q-SURFACE with a concentration of 50% has killed 99.99% of 8 harmful bacteria and fungi. In addition, the product is also tested for safety for food contact surfaces at center 3.

Chloramin B is a disinfectant that is being used for effective disinfection spray, you can completely buy it and use it to disinfect your home. We will guide you on the method of mixing as well as the concentration of Chloramin B solution in this article.

But besides that, you should know how to use it in a reasonable way to achieve high disinfection efficiency while not affecting the health of the whole family. If you feel uncomfortable, you can refer to our surface disinfection product. Wishing you success and health!!!

=>>> See more: What is the alcohol concentration in hand sanitizer solution?